Background: Currently, polymers can be created with specific properties that are tailored to a wide
range of applications from medical to everyday products as packaging. There are different techniques to prepare
novel polymer materials with various architectures and specific groups via a variety of reaction mechanisms
of different complexity. End-group modification of polymers is a powerful tool for tailoring polymer
Objective: The review provides a brief description of the functional moieties and an outline of synthetic strategies
used for tailoring the (bio)degradable polymer properties by end-group and in-chain functionalization.
Conclusion: The contemporary synthetic strategies used in tailoring the (bio)degradable polymer properties by
the end-group and in-chain functionalization demonstrate the importance of the relation between their subtle
molecular structure, properties and function. When the development of (bio)degradable polymers is in its infancy
the most crucial features are concentrated on the effect of macromolecular architecture, new monomer
systems, polymerization mechanisms and different polymerization techniques on final (bio)degradable properties.
Significant efforts have been directed towards the type of functional moieties and their influence on the
degradation manner. Presented methods should help to design novel biodegradable polymeric materials and to
avoid failures of the commercial products manufactured from them.
Keywords: (Bio)degradable polymers, polyesters, (bio)degradation, functional moieties, macromolecular architecture, tailor-made
polymers, controlled/living polymerization techniques.
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