Background: The bioconversion of renewable terrestrial and marine bioresources
and agro-industrial wastes presents a very interesting research and development (R&D) subject
to show how high added-value products could be obtained from inexpensive materials,
and how this bioconversion could bring solutions to many serious problems like fuel shortage,
pollution and waste disposal in a sustainable, yet profitable manner.
Objective: Extensive research efforts were, and are being, pursued to develop new products
from biomass or to optimize the production procedures of other valuable ones.
Method: In this review article, we will present the use of various terrestrial and marine bioresources,
by-products and wastes for the production of important and strategic supplies of liquid
(bioethanol and biodiesel) and gaseous (biomethane) biofuels, and activated carbons. A
special attention will be given to eco-friendly and cost-effective conversion procedures.