Fatigue Life Optimization of Laser Peened Aircraft Components
Pp. 302-325 (24)
Anoop Vasu and Ramana V. Grandhi
Surface treatments, such as laser peening, can increase the life of the
component by generating compressive residual stresses on the surface. Laser peening
of an already peened component, termed as re-peening, can further increase the
fatigue life of the component. Re-peening has several applications in the aerospace
industry. The huge population of ageing aircraft components is one such application,
which can benefit significantly from the re-peening process. However, this process
is not optimized for maximum fatigue life due to the presence of many design
variables and the complex nature of the problem which requires a large number of
experimental testing to reach conclusions. Therefore, a computationally efficient
optimization strategy needs to be developed to conduct large-scale laser peening
simulations for problems related to fatigue life, such as aircraft lug failure, a problem
that requires consideration of component curvature and residual stress relaxation
effects. Deciding the time to peen an already peened component (re-peening time) is
another variable which makes the problem further complicated. The ultimate goal of
this research is to construct the framework to predict the optimum parameters for
maximum fatigue life on structural components. A two-step optimization strategy
is adopted for the fatigue life optimization of an aircraft lug component. The strategy employs laser peening process parameters, residual stress relaxation, and
re-peening schedule as design variables.
Fatigue life optimization, Laser peening, Re-peening,
Residual stress relaxation.
Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Wright State University, Dayton, OH 45435, USA.