Solar Energy and Associated Benefits
Pp. 17-25 (9)
Sarah Mousa, Mohamed El-Morsi and Salah El-Haggar
The environmental problems associated with the use of fossil fuels can be
largely diminished by changing to renewable energy sources. Traditional energy
sources are harmful to the environment on both local and global scales, largely because
their use is associated with the emission of greenhouse gases. Solar power systems,
along with those which rely on other renewable energy sources such as wind and
hydroelectric power, produce minimal carbon emissions. Considering its abundance,
solar energy presents itself as a clean viable main energy source alternative to
traditional reliance on fossil fuels. On the economic level, solar energy has the potential
to serve as a stimulant for economic growth and sustainable development. Throughout
the world, and particularly in developing countries, access to energy is highly
correlated with social and economic factors. Access to affordable energy for all is
crucial for economic growth. Also, the social benefits associated with the usage of solar
energy are potentially most significant for underserved populations in developing
countries. This chapter shows how solar energy presents itself as an alternative to
traditional energy sources that is healthier for both the environment and humanity, and
has the potential to enhance the social and economic fabric of a community.
Air pollution, Global mean temperature, Health, Human development
index, Respiratory diseases, Solid fuel.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Sciences and Engineering, The American University in Cairo, AUC Avenue P.O. Box 74, New Cairo 11835, Egypt.