Neuroprotective and Neurotoxic Implications of α7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor and Aβ Interaction: Therapeutic Options in Alzheimer's Disease

Author(s): Syeda Mehpara Farhat, Touqeer Ahmed*.

Journal Name: Current Drug Targets

Volume 18 , Issue 13 , 2017

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Abstract:

Background: Alzheimer's disease, a neurodegenerative disorder, is characterized by accumulation of amyloid beta (Aβ) plaques, neurofibrillary tangles and loss of cholinergic neurons.

Literature review: The localization of Aβ plaques particularly in the cholinergic neuron-rich areas has led to the discovery that Aβ binds to α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) with very high affinity. This discovery has led to extensive exploration of the possible outcomes of this binding, ranging from the subcellular signaling pathways to its effects on behavioral and cognitive functions. Intriguingly, there are conflicting reports about the effects of this Aβ and α7 nAChR interaction; a few studies report a neuroprotective role of this interaction while others claim that it is neurotoxic.

Conclusion: This review focuses on the neurotoxic and neuroprotective effects of Aβ and α7 nAChR interaction and its implications on different cell signaling pathways and other physiological functions. Moreover, the implications this interaction might have on Alzheimer's disease therapy are also discussed.

Keywords: Alzheimer's disease, α7 nicotinic receptors, Aβ peptide, cholinergic, neuroprotection, neurotoxicity.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 13
Year: 2017
Page: [1537 - 1544]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1389450117666161005145143
Price: $58

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