Recent Advances in Biotechnology

Volume: 1

Microbial Biopolyester Production, Performance and Processing Microbiology, Feedstocks, and Metabolism

Indexed in: EBSCO.

Global plastic production is estimated to be over 300Mt annually. Most conventional plastics are predominantly produced from fossil fuels and are highly resistant to biodegradation, and only a small ...
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Medium-Chain-Length Poly-3-hydroxyalkanoates

Pp. 436-473 (38)

Bruce A. Ramsay

Abstract

Medium-chain-length poly-3-hydroxyalkanoates (mcl-PHAs) were discovered in the 1980s, 60 years after their more famous biopolyester ancestor poly-- -hydroxybutyrate. Accumulated only by a group of related Pseudomonas species, these polyesters are remarkable in their structural diversity and applications. mcl-PHAs are highly water resistant, yet readily susceptible to enzymatic degradation. They can be used in packaging, paints, toners, adhesives and in many biomedical applications but have yet to be produced commercially. mcl-PHAs are most efficiently produced from carboxylic (fatty) acids such as octanoic acid but can also be produced from many nonrelated substrates such as glucose. Recent advances in fermentation and separation processes, as well as strain development are improving polymer quality and reducing production cost, which should soon lead to the adoption of mcl-PHAs by industry.

Keywords:

Applications, Biosynthesis, mcl-PHA, Medium-chain-length PHA (mcl-PHA), Poly-3-hydroxyalkanoate, Production, Recovery, Thermoelastomer.

Affiliation:

Polyferm Canada Inc. 4530 CamdenE-Portland Bdry Rd RR1 Harrowsmith, ON K0H1V0, Canada, and Department of Chemical Engineering, Queen`s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada.