Research of Micro Hydro Power Control Based on Self-excited Induction Generator

Author(s): Xie Nan*, Chen Weimin, Qi Dezhi, Li Lan.

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Computer Science

Volume 10 , Issue 4 , 2017

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Abstract:

Background: Recently, with the increasing shortage of energy, researchers paid more attention to wind power, photovoltaic, hydroelectric and other renewable energy technologies. As one of the most important renewable energy sources, hydro energy is widely used, as described in the various patents. Meanwhile, the scholars put forward the concept of micro-grid which is a controllable unit consisting the generator, load, energy storage device and control device, micro-hydro generator as one of the most important micro sources has been getting more and more attention. So, in this paper, a grid-connected topology circuit of micro hydropower system based on self-excited induction generator is proposed.

Methods: Micro hydropower system based on self-excited induction generator drives the turbine by the fixed amount of hydraulic potential difference, and then drives the induction generator to generate stabilization power. This controller includes the AC/DC module and DC/AC module. The AC/DC module uses hysterics PWM current control, while DC/AC module uses voltage outer loop, and current inner loop of double closed-loop control.

Results: In this paper, a resistive load which can be varied from 0 to 4.5kW in steps is used as consumer load and the variety of grid voltage and grid current when the load is changed. When the system starts running, the grid voltage can be tracked by grid current with the same frequency and phase, the power factor is 1. And the current has a small impact on voltage. the waveforms of grid voltage and grid current when the load is added from 0W to 300W. The power of generator is used by load, so gird current is reduced.

Conclusion: A topology structure of micro hydropower based on self-excited induction generator has been proposed. It has been presented in an economical and energy-efficient way. A comparative study of both the rectifier is uncontrolled and controlled in the system has been demonstrated by simulation. The system of excited capacitance has been proposed which gives a steady voltage. The experimental investigation shows that the grid voltage can be tracked by grid current with the same frequency and phase, and the result of the grid is an excellent option for micro-hydro applications.

Keywords: Self-excited induction generator, micro-hydropower, self-excited capacitance, double loop control, grid voltage, grid current.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2017
Page: [340 - 346]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/2213275909666160929143712
Price: $58

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