In Vivo Antimalarial and In Vitro Antileishmanial Activity of 4- Aminoquinoline Derivatives Hybridized to Isoniazid or Sulfa or Hydrazine Groups

Author(s): Roberta R. Soares, Luciana M. R. Antinarelli, Isabela de O. Souza, Isabela de O. Souza, Fernanda V. Lopes, Kézia K. G. Scopel, Elaine S. Coimbra, Adilson D. da Silva, Clarice Abramo*.

Journal Name: Letters in Drug Design & Discovery

Volume 14 , Issue 5 , 2017

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Abstract:

Background: Quinoline-containing compounds have displayed an impressive array of pharmacological actions over the years, including antiprotozoal activities.

Methods: In this work we evaluate antimalarial and antileishmanial activities of some aminoquinoline (AMQ) derivatives hybridized to sulfa or isoniazid or hydrazine groups.

Results and Conclusion: In murine model of infection occasioned by P. berghei, compounds AMQa, AMQ-d and AMQ-e have shown promising antiplasmodial activity inhibiting the multiplication of parasites in a manner similar to chloroquine in some cases. For leishmaniasis, the majority of the compounds exhibited a strong in vitro activity against amastigotes of L. braziliensis (IC50 values below 10 μg/mL). Furthermore, AMQ-f, -g and -h (IC50 of 2.1, 1.4 and 1.8 μg/mL against amastigotes of L. braziliensis, respectively) showed IC50 values very close to miltefosine (IC50 1.6 mg/mL), the reference drug. None of the compounds showed cytotoxicity in vitro against uninfected human erythrocytes (HC50 > 500.0 μg/mL). These results provide evidence that the AMQ compounds are promising candidates as antimalarial and leishmanicidal drugs, which are extremely important considering that these are endemic parasitic diseases in tropical countries and sometimes occur concurrently.

Keywords: Malaria, leishmaniasis, chemotherapy, quinoline derivatives, 4-aminoquinoline, hydrazine.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2017
Page: [597 - 604]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1570180813666160927113743
Price: $65

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