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Cost effective natural microspheres for the removal of Pb from wastewater

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Nabila S. Ammar, Walid El hotaby, Hanan S. Ibrahim, Sherif A. El-Khodary, Hanan Elhaes, Medhat A. Ibrahim.

Abstract:

Background: Controlling aquatic pollution with natural resources is a worldwide hot topic of research, according to its positive environmental impact. Methods: Chitosan is cross linked with Sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP) to form microsphere. Then microsphere could be effectively utilized to remove Pb ion from water with a removal rate of 59.2% in 90 minutes. The microsphere is further enhanced as dried water hyacinth is mixed with chitosan to produce modified water hyacinth/chitosan microsphere up to 50% water hyacinth. The crosslinking process for chitosan as well as chitosan/water hyacinth is indicated with the help of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). The interaction between chitosan and water hyacinth is simulated with DFT using B3LYP/3-21g** model. Results: The produced water hyacinth/chitosan microsphere shows removal of Pb ions up to 90.6% in 180 minutes. The produced microsphere is cost effective. Conclusion: Applying two stages of removal one can obtain good results of removal up to 90.6%. In this manner the cost effective water hyacinth cross linked chitosan is produced effectively with good removal percentage. Finally, the structure of water hyacinth is simulated with molecular modeling at HF/STO-3G.

Keywords: Chitosan, Microsphere, FTIR, Water hyacinth and B3LYP/3-21g.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 4
Year: 2016
(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/2213235X04666160926122105
Price: $95