Potential Use of Nanomedicine for Drug Delivery Across the Blood-Brain Barrier in Healthy and Diseased Brain

Author(s): Barbara Ruozi, Daniela Belletti, Francesca Pederzoli, Flavio Forni, Maria Angela Vandelli, Giovanni Tosi.

Journal Name: CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets

Volume 15 , Issue 9 , 2016

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Abstract:

The research of efficacious non-invasive therapies for the treatment of brain diseases represents a huge challenge, as people affected by disorders of the central nervous system (CNS) will significantly increase. Moreover, the blood-brain barrier is a key factor in hampering a number of effective drugs to reach the CNS. This review is therefore focusing on possible interventions of nanomedicine-based approaches in selected diseases affecting the CNS. A wide overview of the most outstanding results on preclinical evaluations of the potential of nanomedicine in brain diseases (i.e. brain tumor, Alzheimer, Parkinson, epilepsy and others) is given, with highlights on the data with relevant interest and real possibility in translation from bench-to-bedside. Moreover, a critical evaluation on the rationale in planning nanosystems to target specific brain pathologies is described, opening the path to a more structured and pathology-tailored design of nanocarriers.

Keywords: Blood-brain barrier, brain diseases, central nervous system, liposomes, nanomedicine, nanoparticles.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 9
Year: 2016
Page: [1079 - 1091]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/1871527315666160915112210
Price: $58

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