Heart Score Estimation by Specialized Nurses in a Greek Urban Population

Author(s): Evaggelia Papadopoulou, Maria Meidani, Maria Boutsikou, Pinelopi Papaspiropoulou, Theodosia Kelaiditou, Afedia Koukouzli, Anastasia Tapola, Ioanna Voudoufianaki, Sophie Mavrogeni, Niki Katsiki, Genovefa Kolovou, Ioannis Lekakis.

Journal Name: Current Vascular Pharmacology

Volume 15 , Issue 1 , 2017

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Abstract:

Aims: Specialized nurses estimated the HeartScore in an urban Greek population by recognizing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in the setting of the Onassis Cardiovascular Prevention Program (OCPP). They also provided nursing consultation and assessed the clinical and biochemical characteristics of the studied population.

Methods and Results: Individuals were recruited through TV announcements and via the website of the Onassis Cardiac Surgery Centre. All participants visited the Onassis Cardiac Centre from 20 September to 30 October 2011. Overall, 2,145 individuals were included in the study. CVD risk was calculated by the HeartScore and serum total cholesterol was measured (mean: 193±43 mg/dl). Although 33% of the participants reported dyslipidaemia, only 17% were on hypolipidaemic treatment. Hypertension and dyslipidaemia frequency increased with age.

Conclusion: In the present study, specialized nurses estimated the HeartScore in a Greek urban population. The majority of the studied population was undiagnosed and untreated. These results highlight the necessity for both primary and secondary prevention programs that can be carried out by specialized nurses. Such programs may improve the diagnosis and treatment of CVD risk factors; early initiation and optimization of therapy as well as management of drug intolerance (e.g. statins) can contribute to CVD risk reduction.

Keywords: HeartScore, nursing staff, cardiovascular disease, risk factors, prevention.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2017
Page: [84 - 90]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1570161114666160914180856
Price: $58

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