Computational Elucidation of Structural Basis for Ligand Binding with Mycobacterium tuberculosis Glucose-1-Phosphate Thymidylyltransferase (RmlA)

Author(s): Rani Mansuri, Md Yousuf Ansari, Jagbir Singh, Sindhuprava Rana, Sahil Sinha, Ganesh C. Sahoo, Manas R. Dikhit, Pradeep Das.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Volume 17 , Issue 12 , 2016

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Abstract:

Glucose-1-Phosphate Thymidylyltransferase (RmlA) is one of the enzymes in rhamnose biosynthesis pathway, where rhamnose acts as linker of peptidoglycan and arabinogalacton in the cell wall, therefore RmlA is a potential enzyme for the survival of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). To go into the depth of the structure for exploring binding regions, homology model of RmlA was built in Prime, Schrodinger v9.2. The model with lowest Discrete Optimized Potential Energy (DOPE) score of -35524.17 kcal/mol and RMSD of 0.1 Å with the template (1H5R_B) was subjected to Molecular Dynamics Simulation (MDS) for 5 ns to achieve its stable folding state. The tertiary structure of the proposed model is composed of α/β/α sandwich type protein with quasi-Rossmann type folding pattern. The substrate, deoxy Thymidine tri phosphate (dTTP) comprises of triphosphate (R1) and methyl (R2) side chains where, R1 is highly essential for the survival of Mtb. Therefore, nineteen side chain analogues of dTTP were designed by substituting R1 and R2 chain of dTTP using Combi Glide, Schrodinger v9.2 and docked with the target RmlA protein. Out of which two analogues such as, 6-[(2R,3S,5R)-5-[5-(2- aminoethyl)-2,4-dioxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidin-1-yl]-3-hydroxyoxolan-2 yl] hexanoic acid (COMP- 11) and 4-(2-{1-[(1S,3S,4S)-3-(5-carboxypentyl)-4-hydroxy-2-methylidenecyclopentyl]-2,4-dioxo- 1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidin-5-yl}ethyl)morpholin-4-ium (COMP-12) showed the highest GLIDE score (-12.55 Kcal/mol and -11.58 Kcal/mol respectively) than that of substrate (-9.725 Kcal/mol). During simulations, hydrogen bonding profile between the two top hits and protein ranges up to 5 strong polar contacts which were much stronger than that of substrate. Similarly, the computational binding free energy of both the analogues was found to be less than -70 Kcal/mol which is much lower than that of substrate (-52.84 Kcal/mol). All these results suggest that these two compounds have more stable interaction than that of substrate inside the solvent condition and can be used as competitive inhibitors.

Keywords: Glucose-1-Phosphate Thymidylyltransferase (RmlA), cell wall of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, homology modeling, molecular dynamics simulation, inhibitor designing, docking.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 12
Year: 2016
Page: [1089 - 1099]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1389201017666160909155959
Price: $58

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