Background: The review of patents reveals that with the high incidence of breast cancer, the therapeutic methods are further becoming increasingly important. In traditional breast interventional procedures, particle was manually injected into the body of cancer patients by a doctor according to the image. However, the operation could not be performed with image navigation in real-time, and the manual implantation can also produce large errors.
Objective: Breast intervention robot with image-guided is one of the research contents of the medical intervention therapy robot, which is a combination of medical technology, material science and robot technology, to assist surgeons to complete the breast interventional procedures, such as biopsies and particle’s implantation. It’s possible to accurately complete the operation under navigation in real-time.
Method: The breast intervention robots are designed with sufficient degrees of freedom to achieve the function in various navigation environment under considering material, structure and driver compatibility of the robot.
Results: Many scholars have focused on the study of breast interventional robots in MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), CT (Computed Tomography), and ultrasound navigation, and have achieved some research results. Besides, the mortality of breast cancer is gradually reduced, and the cure rate is progressively increased owing to the improvement of treatment equipment.
Conclusion: The methods of cancer treatment have gradually been developed towards minimally invasive, precision and individual. Thus, minimally invasive surgery based on image navigation is widely used. In addition, the combination of robot and medical image technology, which makes the positioning more accurate, will lead to the success rate of the operation greatly improved.