Exercise and Osteoporosis
Pp. 215-224 (10)
Osteoporosis is increasingly a global disease in which the remodeling
process (i.e., replacement of new bone for the old) results in an excessive loss in bone
mass to the point that they fracture easily. Although weak bones are more common in
older men and women, it can begin in childhood. The risk of developing osteoporosis
and the risk of falling and susceptibility to fractures can be reduced by eating a healthy
diet and engaging in regular exercise. In fact, regular exercise is believed to be the most
important factor to increase or maintain bone mass density (BMD). The mechanical
forces placed on the skeletal system during exercise stimulate bone size, shape, and
strength by increasing BMD at weight bearing sites to promote bone mass.
Aerobic training, Bone mineral density, Kyphosis, Osteoarthritis,
Osteopenia, Osteoporosis, Resistance training, Weight bearing exercises.
American Society of Exercise Physiologists, USA.