ASEP’s Exercise Medicine Text for Exercise Physiologists

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Watching TV, surfing the Internet, and sitting for long hours have replaced more active pursuits. Millions of Americans are simply not moving enough to meet the minimum threshold for good health and ...
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Exercise and Hypertension

Pp. 146-170 (25)

Tommy Boone

Abstract

Hypertension is a major risk factor and contributor to premature death and disability from stroke, acute myocardial infarction, cardiac insufficiency, and sudden death. A person with a systolic blood pressure of 140 mmHg has twice the risk of cardiovascular death as a person with a systolic blood pressure of 120 mmHg. Aside from drugs, regular exercise and lifestyle changes are significant treatments in correcting hypertension. It is important to help clients and patients achieving a certain minimum exercise level along with appropriate lifestyle behavioral changes. It is especially important to prescribe low to moderate 30 min of continuous exercise with a frequency of 3 to 5 d·wk-1 along with a certain amount of resistance training to maintain lean muscle mass.

Keywords:

Afterload, Cardiovascular system, Myocardial infarction, Myocardial oxygen consumption, Systemic vascular resistance, Systolic blood pressure.

Affiliation:

American Society of Exercise Physiologists, USA.