Exercise and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Pp. 128-145 (18)
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is the most common form of diabetes in
which the body does not use insulin properly (i.e., insulin resistance). At first, the
pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. But, over time it does not keep up and
cannot make enough insulin to keep blood glucose at normal levels. In adults, T2DM
accounts for ~90% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 DM is a significant cause
of premature mortality and morbidity related primarily to cardiovascular disease,
kidney and nerve disease, blindness, and amputation that cost the U.S. ~$245 billion in
2012. Extra body fat is highly correlated with developing T2DM. Regular exercise
helps to decrease body fat and improve insulin action. The ASEP Board Certified
Exercise Physiologists can help T2DM clients become physically active.
Exercise, Hyperglycemic, Metabolism, Obesity, Physical activity,
Peripheral neuropathy, Pre-exercise evaluation, Retinopathy, Type 2 diabetes.
American Society of Exercise Physiologists, USA.