ASEP’s Exercise Medicine Text for Exercise Physiologists

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Watching TV, surfing the Internet, and sitting for long hours have replaced more active pursuits. Millions of Americans are simply not moving enough to meet the minimum threshold for good health and ...
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Exercise and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Pp. 128-145 (18)

Tommy Boone

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is the most common form of diabetes in which the body does not use insulin properly (i.e., insulin resistance). At first, the pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. But, over time it does not keep up and cannot make enough insulin to keep blood glucose at normal levels. In adults, T2DM accounts for ~90% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 DM is a significant cause of premature mortality and morbidity related primarily to cardiovascular disease, kidney and nerve disease, blindness, and amputation that cost the U.S. ~$245 billion in 2012. Extra body fat is highly correlated with developing T2DM. Regular exercise helps to decrease body fat and improve insulin action. The ASEP Board Certified Exercise Physiologists can help T2DM clients become physically active.

Keywords:

Exercise, Hyperglycemic, Metabolism, Obesity, Physical activity, Peripheral neuropathy, Pre-exercise evaluation, Retinopathy, Type 2 diabetes.

Affiliation:

American Society of Exercise Physiologists, USA.