Caffeic Acid Phenethyl Ester Restores Adipocyte Gene Profile Expression Following Lipopolysaccharide Treatment

Author(s): Ignazio Barbagallo , Giovanni Li Volti , Valeria Sorrenti , Claudia Di Giacomo , Rosaria Acquaviva , Marco Raffaele , Fabio Galvano , Luca Vanella .

Journal Name: Letters in Drug Design & Discovery

Volume 14 , Issue 4 , 2017

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Abstract:

Background: Obesity alters endocrine and metabolic function of the adipose tissue leading to an increased release of fatty acids, adipokynes and pro-inflammatory molecules which in turn lead to complications related to the onset of metabolic syndrome.

Methods: To this regard, natural antioxidants have been found to have anti-inflammatory and protective action in cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus and obesity. Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) is synthesized in a variety of plants and is one of the main components of propolis. CAPE inhibits oxidative stress and showed beneficial effects under various experimental conditions.

Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of CAPE on adipocyte function after an inflammatory stimulus with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (1 ng/ml for 6h).

Results: Our data showed that LPS caused an increased expression of proinflammatory interleukin IL-6 and a lipolytic effect on the adipocytes. CAPE treatment inhibited LPS effects through a significant decrease of IL-6 and a concomitant increase of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), CCAAT/Enhancer Binding Protein alpha (CEBPα), fatty acid synthase (FAS), fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4), diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) and transcription factor sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c). Moreover, the increased levels of adiponectin, heme oxygenase-1, nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2), peroxisome proliferator- activated receptor alpha (PPARα) and Sirtuin-1 suggest that CAPE administration restores adipocyte function following inflammation.

Conclusion: In conclusion, the use of this metabolite such as a food supplement may represent a possible strategy for the treatment of conditions related to metabolic syndrome.

Keywords: Adipocyte, heme oxygenase, inflammation, caffeic acid phenethyl ester, antioxidants.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2017
Page: [481 - 487]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1570180813666160901124707
Price: $58

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