Grid-independent Descriptors (GRIND) Analysis and SAR Guided Molecular Docking Studies to Probe Selectivity Profiles of Inhibitors of Multidrug Resistance Transporters ABCB1 and ABCG2

Author(s): Talha Shafi , Ishrat Jabeen .

Journal Name: Current Cancer Drug Targets

Volume 17 , Issue 2 , 2017

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Abstract:

Background: ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, P-glycoprotein (P-gp, ABCB1) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) are major determinants of pharmacokinetic, safety and efficacy profiles of drugs thereby effluxing a broad range of endogenous substances across the plasma membrane. Overexpression of these transporters in various tumors is also implicated in the development of multidrug resistance (MDR) and thus, hampers the success of cancer chemotherapy. Modulators of these efflux transporters in combination with chemotherapeutics could be a promising concept to increase the effective intracellular concentration of anticancer drugs. However, broad and overlapped specificity for substrates and modulators of ABCB1 and ABCG2, merely induce toxicity and unwanted drug-drug interactions and thus, lead to late-stage failure of drugs.

Objective: In present investigation, we aim to identify specific 3D structural requirements for selective inhibition of ABCB1 and ABCG2 transport function.

Method: GRID Independent Molecular Descriptor (GRIND) models of selective inhibitors of both transporters have been developed, using their most probable binding conformations obtained from molecular docking protocol.

Results: Our results demonstrated a dominant role of molecular shape and different H-bonding patterns in drug-ABCB1/ABCG2 selective interactions. Moreover, distinct distances of different pharmacophoric features from steric hot spots of the molecules provided a strong basis of selectivity for both transporters. Additionally, our results suggested the presence of two H-bond donors at a distance of 8.4-8.8 Å in selective modulators of ABCG2.

Conclusion: Our findings concluded that molecular shape along with three dimensional pattern of Hbonding in MDR modulators play a critical role in determining the selectivity between the two targets.

Keywords: Multidrug Resistance Protein 1 (MDR1), Breast Cancer Resistance Protein (BCRP), multidrug resistance, grind, molecular docking, selectivity profiling.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2017
Page: [177 - 190]
Pages: 14
DOI: 10.2174/1568009616666160901094140
Price: $58

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