Background: Polyphenols are organic compounds widely found in plants and possess
many diverse biological activities. In the current study, eleven polyphenolic compounds [rutin (1),
trans-ferulic acid (2), epigallaocatechin gallate (3), fumaric acid (4), chlorogenic acid (5), gallic acid
(6), trans-resveratrol (7), propyl gallate (8), (+)-catechin (9), quercetin (10), and kaempferol-3-O-β-D-galactoside (11)] have been evaluated for their in vitro inhibitory activity against phosphodiesterase-
1 (PDE-1). The active compounds 1, 5, 6, and 7 possessed IC50 values of 173.90 ± 2.58,
36.67 ± 1.60, 325.19 ± 3.62, and 323.81 ± 4.25 μM, respectively. In silico experiments were performed
to elucidate the binding patterns of inhibitor molecules with the active sites of the enzymes.
Result: Molecular docking studies have shown that compounds 1 and 5 have better docking results
than standard inhibitor (EDTA) against the PDE-1. In conclusion, chlorogenic acid, rutin, gallic acid,
and resveratrol could be promising PDE-1 inhibitors and leads to identify new drug candidates
against PDE-1-associated disorders.