Comparison of the Performance of Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Phonological Tasks and Reading with Good Readers
Pp. 41-55 (15)
Vera Lúcia Orlandi Cunha and Cláudia da Silva
This chapter aimed to compare and characterize the performance on
metalinguistic skills and reading for students with attention deficit hyperactivity
disorder (ADHD) and students without behavioral disorders and/or learning disabilities.
The study included 20 students from 5th to 8th grade level of elementary school, 14
students were males and six females, aged between 9-13 years. The student has divided
in: Group I (GI): composed of 10 students with an interdisciplinary diagnostic ADHD,
and Group II (GII): composed of 10 students without complaints of behavioral disorders
and/or learning disabilities. With the procedure was used as Tests of metalinguistic
skills and reading of the PROHMELE, compost of tests of syllabic and phonemic
identification, tests of syllabic and phonemic manipulation, repetition of non-words and
reading tests. The results showed statistically significant differences among GI and GII
showing that students of the group GI presented lower performances in post when
compared with the students of the group GII. The findings of this study allowed us to
conclude that the difficulties presented in these PROHMELE skills by students with
ADHD can’t be attributed to a primary deficit, but as a phenomenon secondary to
inattention that interfere directly in their performance.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Metalinguistic skills,
Investigation of Learning Disabilities Laboratory, LIDA. Avenue Vicente Ferreira, Zip Code: 175.15-901, Marília, São Paulo/Brazil.