Design and Fabrication of Magnetically Responsive Nanocarriers for Drug Delivery

Author(s): Slavko Kralj, Tanja Potrc, Petra Kocbek, Silvia Marchesan, Darko Makovec.

Journal Name:Current Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 24 , Issue 5 , 2017

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Abstract:

Magnetically-assisted delivery of therapeutic agents to the site of interest, which is referred to as magnetic drug targeting, has proven to be a promising strategy in a number of studies. One of the key advantages over other targeting strategies is the possibility to control remotely the distribution and accumulation of the nanocarriers after parenteral administration. However, preparation of effective and robust magnetically responsive nanocarriers based on superparamagnetic iron oxide nanocrystals (SPIONs) still represents a great scientific challenge, since spatial guidance of individual SPIONs is ineffective despite the presence of high magnetic field gradient. A strategy to overcome this issue is the clustering of SPIONs to achieve sufficient magnetic responsiveness. In this mini-review, we address current and future strategies for the design and fabrication of magnetically responsive nanocarriers based on SPIONs for magnetically-targeted drug delivery, including the underlying physical requirements, the possibility of drug loading, and the control of drug release at the targeted site.

Keywords: Magnetic nanoparticles, nanoparticle clusters, magnetic drug delivery, iron oxide nanocrystals, SPION clusters, magnetic targeting, magnetic nanocarriers, magnetically-assisted delivery.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 24
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2017
Page: [454 - 469]
Pages: 16
DOI: 10.2174/0929867323666160813211736
Price: $58