Significance of Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Research in Current Medical Practice

Author(s): Swayam Prakash, Suraksha Agrawal.

Journal Name: Current Drug Metabolism

Volume 17 , Issue 9 , 2016

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Abstract:

Human genome sequencing highlights the involvement of genetic variation towards differential risk of human diseases, presence of different phenotypes, and response to pharmacological elements. This brings the field of personalized medicine to forefront in the era of modern health care. Numerous recent approaches have shown that how variation in the genome at single nucleotide level can be used in pharmacological research. The two broad aspects that deal with pharmacological research are pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics. This review encompasses how these variations have created the basis of pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics research and important milestones accomplished in these two fields in different diseases. It further discusses at length their importance in disease diagnosis, response of drugs, and various treatment modalities on the basis of genetic determinants.

Keywords: Pharmacogenetics, pharmacogenomics, personalized medicine, monogenic disorder, polygenic disorder, genetic testing.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 9
Year: 2016
Page: [862 - 876]
Pages: 15
DOI: 10.2174/1389200217666160804150959
Price: $58

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