The uplink and downlink transmissions in Long-Term Evolution (LTE) systems are
performed using single-carrier and multicarrier modulation schemes, respectively. To respond such
trend, orthogonal time-multiplexed modulation (OTMM) is proposed as several new single-carrier
modulation families originated from the orthogonal multiplexed modulation (OMM) families to provide
low peak-to-average power ratio and versatile modulations with different degrees in power and
bandwidth efficiencies. To further facilitate a software defined radio (SDR) implementation, the
proposed OTMM families are incorporated into the original OMM family in a unified signal structure.
Typical basis sets are also unified to suit an SDR implementation. To establish a unified modulation
platform, the present study therefore proposes a set of orthogonal time-multiplexed modulation
(OTMM) families to complement the existing set of orthogonal multiplexed modulation (OMM)
schemes. The OTMM and OMM families are integrated in a software defined radio (SDR) modulation
structure by means of a common signal model and five unified basis sets. The resulting structure
supports both time multiplexing and frequency multiplexing, and therefore offers greater flexibility in
improving the power and bandwidth efficiencies of the LTE system. The proposed structure thus attends
throughput and signal robustness simultaneously in hostile environments and also provides versatile
choices in modulations with low peak-to-average power ratio.
Keywords: Bandwidth efficiency, cyclic-prefixed single-carrier modulation, LTE system, orthogonally
multiplexed modulation, software defined radio, time multiplexing.
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