Active Vivaldi Antenna Timed-Array for Ultra-Wideband 3D Beamforming

Author(s): Alexandre M. de Oliveira, Jorge R. B. Garay, Jair P. de Souza, Adriano M. da Silva, Marcelo B. Perotoni, Wesley Becari, João F. Justo.

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Engineering

Volume 10 , Issue 2 , 2016

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Abstract:

Background: This paper presents a three-dimensional antenna array for electronic high-resolution beam spatial scanning.

System and Design Structure: The system consists of five identical elements, arranged in a cross shape (3+3), where each element is formed by a Vivaldi planar antenna equipped with a Ultra Wide Band (UWB) pulse generator (PG), connected to a programmable delay circuit (PDC). The Vivaldi antennas were designed with copper and a Roger (RO3203) substrate, while the PG and PDC were designed using the 0.18μm CMOS Standard process. The project was designed in an integrated simulation environment (electric + electromagnetic), combining LTSpice 4, MicroWind 3.5 and CST MW Studio 2011 design tools. Monte Carlo simulations showed fully consistent results with those of theoretical models. The main lobe has a gain of 13dB, 28º × 27º angular width, a beam steering between 31º and -24º for θ, and between 29º and -29º for the φ angles at 6.2GHz of center frequency.

Keywords: Timed antenna array, UWB, VLSI, beamforming, phased-array.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2016
Page: [121 - 127]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1872212110999160725101724
Price: $58

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