Species from the Ficus genera are used in traditional medicine in Malaysia, China, India, Thailand,
Vietnam, Taiwan, Africa, South America and other countries. The aim of this article is to review the
phytochemicals, ethnomedicine uses and pharmacology of the Ficus species. The phytochemicals in these
species are flavonoids, alkaloids, triterpenoids, coumarins, phenolics, ceramide, cerebroside, stilbenes and
alkyl ferulates. The phytochemicals or extracts exhibited various pharmacology effects.