Cell-based Assay System for Predicting Bone Regeneration in Patient Affected by Aseptic Nonunion and Treated with Platelet Rich Fibrin

Author(s): Francesca Perut, Dante Dallari, Nicola Rani, Nicola Baldini, Donatella Granchi.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Volume 17 , Issue 12 , 2016

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Abstract:

Background: Regenerative strategies based on the use of platelet concentrates as an autologous source of growth factors (GF) has been proposed to promote the healing of long bone nonunions. However, the relatively high failure rate stimulates interest in growing knowledge and developing solutions to obtain the best results from the regenerative approach.

Objective: In this study we evaluated whether a cell-based assay system could be able to recognize patients who will benefit or not from the use of autologous platelet preparations.

Method: The autologous serum was used in culture medium to promote the osteogenic differentiation of normal bone-marrow stromal cells (BMSC). Blood samples were collected from 16 patients affected by aseptic long bone nonunion who were candidates to the treatment with autologous platelet-rich fibrin. The osteoinductive effect was detected by measuring the BMSC proliferation, the mineralization activity, and the expression of bone-related genes. Serum level of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) was considered as a representative marker of the delivery of osteogenic GFs from platelets. Laboratory results were related to the characteristics of the disease before the treatment and to the outcome at 12 months.

Results: Serum samples from "good responders" showed significantly higher levels of bFGF and were able to induce a significantly higher proliferation of BMSC, while no significant differences were observed in terms of osteoblast differentiation.

Conclusion: BMSC-based assay could be a useful tool to recognize patients who have a low probability to benefit from the use of autologous platelet concentrate to promote the healing of long bone nonunion.

Keywords: Bone marrow stromal cells, platelet rich fibrin, basic fibroblast growth factor, regenerative medicine, nonunion, bone healing.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 12
Year: 2016
Page: [1079 - 1088]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1389201017666160719100437
Price: $58

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