Lipids, Statins and Heart Failure: An Update

Author(s): Niki Katsiki , Michael Doumas , Dimitri P. Mikhailidis .

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 22 , Issue 31 , 2016

Abstract:

Background: Heart failure (HF) is characterized by cardiac functional and structural alterations, progressively leading to clinical symptoms and signs. Certain neurohormonal systems (i.e. the sympathetic nervous system, the reninangiotensin-aldosterone system and the natriuretic peptide system) as well as interactions between endothelial, monocytes/macrophages and myocardial cells are involved in the process.

Methods: The present narrative review discusses the relationships between lipids, statins and HF.

Results: Lipid metabolism is involved in cardiac function. Inflammation, oxidative stress, endothelial and platelet dysfunction, activation of neurohormonal systems, adverse cardiac remodeling, haemodynamic disorders and arrhythmogenesis predispose to HF development and progression. Statins have been shown to reduce HF incidence possibly via their pleiotropic actions on the above mentioned mechanisms. Other cardiovascular (CV) risk factors affecting HF prevalence and outcomes include metabolic syndrome, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, chronic kidney disease, hyperuricaemia, epicardial fat and increased arterial stiffness that are improved following statin therapy.

Conclusion: Lipid disorders are involved in HF development and progression. Statins may beneficially affect these disorders as well as other CV risk factors linked to HF. However, the impact of statins in patients with established HF has yet to be determined. Further studies are needed to unveil potential benefits of statin therapy (or some statins) in specific groups of HF patients.

Keywords: Statins, heart failure, lipids, trials, cardiovascular risk factors, metabolic syndrome, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 22
ISSUE: 31
Year: 2016
Page: [4796 - 4806]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1381612822666160701073452
Price: $58

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