Lack of Evidence for Deterioration in Endothelial Function Following Ticagrelor Treatment Cessation

Author(s): Ioanna Xanthopoulou, Chrysoula Vogiatzi, Theodora Bampouri, Athina Chasapi, Ilianna Bei, Periklis Davlouros, George Hahalis, Dimitrios Alexopoulos.

Journal Name: Current Vascular Pharmacology

Volume 14 , Issue 5 , 2016

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Abstract:

Background: Ticagrelor may exert pleiotropic actions, beyond platelet inhibition, which are possibly adenosine-mediated. It has been suggested that in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) ticagrelor may influence endothelial function.

Objective: We aimed to assess the possibility of endothelial function deterioration following ticagrelor treatment cessation.

Methods: This was a prospective, observational study, in stable CAD patients with prior percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute coronary syndrome manifested 1 year earlier, under ticagrelor maintenance dose (90 mg bid) and due to discontinue ticagrelor. Endothelial function was assessed by Peripheral Arterial Tonometry (EndoPat 2000 system, Itamar Medical, Caesarea, Israel) immediately after receiving the last tablet of ticagrelor (Day 0) and at Day 2 and Day 5 post-ticagrelor cessation. Reactive hyperaemia index (RHI) was calculated by automated software and endothelial dysfunction (ED) was defined as a RHI <1.67.

Results: We identified 30 eligible patients with endothelial function assessment pre- and post-ticagrelor cessation (86.7% men, 13.3% with diabetes and 33.3% current smokers; mean age: 63.6±11.5 years). The study’s primary endpoint of RHI at Day 5 did not differ significantly compared with RHI at Day 0, 1.69 (1.45-2.23) vs 1.81 (1.59-2.13). ED rate did not differ significantly between Day 5 and Day 0, 40 vs 33.3%, p=0.8, respectively. No differences in RHI or ED rate were observed between Day 2 and Day 0, 1.64 (1.54-2.04) vs 1.8 1(1.59-2.13), p=0.3 and 53.3 vs 33.3%, p=0.2, respectively.

In stable CAD patients there is no evidence of deterioration in endothelial function after discontinuing ticagrelor.

Keywords: Ticagrelor, endothelial function, P2Y12 inhibitors, coronary artery disease.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2016
Page: [487 - 491]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/1570161114666160625084427
Price: $65

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