Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common metabolic problems and is
characterized by persistent hyperglycaemia. Exposure to chronic hyperglycaemia can affect many tissues
including the Achilles Tendon, which is one of the largest tendons in the body. The current literature
on the effects of hyperglycaemia on tendons is sparse, though evidence on rat models does suggest
a process of chronic degeneration, which is increased in the presence of neuropathy and deformity.
There is no epidemiological data on rupture of Achilles tendon in diabetes. Similarly, the knowledge
of the best treatments for this condition in people with diabetes is also lacking.
Conclusion: In this review we have systematically analysed current literature in this area and suggested
Keywords: Achilles tendon rupture, Achilles tendon, AGE, diabetic cheiroarthropathy, diabetic tendinopathy, sport.
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