Dietary Supplementation of Curcumin Alleviates NF-κB-dependent Skeletal Muscle Wasting in Rat

Author(s): Jun He, Hongmei Xie, Shan Wu.

Journal Name: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets
(Formerly Current Drug Targets - Immune, Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders)

Volume 16 , Issue 2 , 2016

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Abstract:

Background: Activation of the nuclear factor-kappa β (NF-κB) signaling results in releasing of a variety of inflammatory cytokines that can induce skeletal muscle wasting (MW) in mammals. Curcumin is a natural product from spice turmeric that can block biological events in which NF-κB plays a critical role.

Objective: The present study was conducted to evaluate the beneficial effects of curcumin on the NF-κB-dependent MW in rats.

Methods: The MW rats were induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection and rats were fed 15 g curcumin per kg diet for 16 d.

Results: LPS not only decreased the growth performance of rat, but significantly elevated its serum IL-1 concentration and muscle proteolysis rate. Interestingly, curcumin significantly prevented the muscle proteolysis rate and down-regulated expression levels of two critical muscle-specific ubiquitin ligases (Atrogin-1 and MuRF-1). When muscles from MW rats were incubated with curcumin in vitro, the calpain-, cathepsin L-, and proteasome-dependent muscle proteolysis were significantly decreased. Moreover, the nuclear NF-κB/p65 protein abundance were also decreased by curcumin.

Conclusion: The results not only suggest a molecular mechanism by which curcumin modulates the inflammatory responses, but also offer a feasible avenue to ameliorate the NF-κB-dependent muscle proteolysis.

Keywords: Curcumin, inflammation, muscle wasting, nutrition, regulation, rat.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2016
Page: [140 - 147]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1871530316666160613115221

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