An Investigation of Sodium Fusidate and Recombinant Cytochrome P450 Enzymes Inhibition In-Vitro

Author(s): John Mishriky, Jacqueline Balassone, Zenah Bashour, Simranjit Kaur, Vini Raman, Robel Getachew, Narin Osman, Daniel Guidone, Vincent Chan, Peter J. Little.

Journal Name: Drug Metabolism Letters

Volume 10 , Issue 3 , 2016

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Abstract:

Background: Sodium fusidate (fusidic acid) is an antimicrobial agent that is used in the treatment of staphylococcal and streptococcal infections. Several case reports have noted a drug interaction between sodium fusidate and CYP3A4 metabolised statins, leading to statin toxicity. It is unclear whether sodium fusidate has the potential to cause interactions with other cytochrome P450 enzymes.

Objective: To investigate the effects of sodium fusidate on recombinant cytochrome P450 enzymes (1A2, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6 and 3A4) in-vitro.

Methods: A range of sodium fusidate concentrations (0.1µM, 1µM, 10µM, 100µM, 300µM, 1000µM and 10000µM) were tested to examine its activity on rCYP1A2, rCYP2C9, rCYP2C19, rCYP2D6 and rCYP3A4 using a luminescent assay with a luciferin substrate.

Results: Sodium fusidate inhibited all enzymes at tested concentrations which are relevant to those likely to be achieved in clinical practice. Further, sodium fusidate was found to be a time-dependent inhibitor of all the tested isoenzymes, with the exception of rCYP2C9.

Conclusion: These findings suggest that there is a potential for sodium fusidate to cause drug interactions when used with other agents that are substrates for rCYP1A2, rCYP2C9, rCYP2C19, rCYP2D6 or rCYP3A4. Understanding the basis of this potential drug interaction will assist in safer use of sodium fusidate in clinical practice.

Keywords: Cytochrome P450, drug interaction, enzyme inhibition, sodium fusidate, time-dependent.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2016
Page: [180 - 186]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1872312810666160607015045

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