Chronic Heart Failure and Comorbid Renal Dysfunction - A Focus on Type 2 Cardiorenal Syndrome

Author(s): Jois Preeti, Mebazaa Alexandre, Pupalan Iyngkaran, Thomas C. Merlin, Ronco Claudio.

Journal Name: Current Cardiology Reviews

Volume 12 , Issue 3 , 2016

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Graphical Abstract:


The most important advancements in the Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) are its definition and subsequent classifications. When the predominant pathology and pathophysiology is the heart, i.e. chronic heart failure (CHF), and where any renal impairment (RI) subsequent to this is secondary, the classification is type 2 CRS. There are unique differences in the pathophysiology and progression of individual subclasses. It is important to understand the evolution of CHF and consequences of subsequent RI as they are becoming increasingly prevalent, aggravate morbidity and mortality and limit many therapeutic options. In this paper we discuss the significance of the type 2 CRS patients in the context of the thematic series.

Keywords: Congestive Heart Failure, Cardiorenal Syndrome, Indigenous Australians, Renal Failure, Treatment, Type 2 Cardiorenal Syndrome.

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Article Details

Year: 2016
Page: [186 - 194]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1573403X12666160606120958
Price: $58

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PDF: 40
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