DNA sequencing is one of the crucially important tasks in the fields of genetics and cellular
biology, which is benefiting from nanotechnology. DNA carries genetic information and sequencing it
in a quick way helps researchers in achieving essential goals, including personalized medicine. Solid
state nanopores potentially can offer more durability, in sequencing biomolecules, over the proteinbased
nanopores. In recent years, various ideas are introduced towards the goal of fast and low cost
sequencing. In this review article recent advances presented in journal articles as well as patents in this
field, including sequencing methods, membrane materials and their fabrication techniques, drilling
methods, and biomolecule translocation speed control ideas are investigated.
Keywords: Genomics, ionic current blockade, membrane drilling techniques, nanotechnology, sequencing, solid state nanopore.
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