Mapping the Corrosion Behavior of AZ91D Magnesium Alloy: Influence of Chloride Concentration and Potentiostatic Polarization

Author(s): Regiane Cristina Ferreira dos Santos, Mara Cristina Lopes de Oliveira, Renato Altobelli Antunes.

Journal Name: Innovations in Corrosion and Materials Science

Volume 6 , Issue 2 , 2016

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Abstract:

Background: AZ91D is one of the most widely used die-casting magnesium alloys. The corrosion processes of these materials is complex due to the simultaneous action of metallurgical and surfaces states. Mapping the corrosion behavior in chloride-containing aqueous solutions is of practical interest to guide the safe use of magnesium alloys against deterioration and accompany the evolution of the electrochemical response with time.

Methods: The corrosion behavior was assessed using electrochemical tests consisting of potentiostatic polarization and potentiodynamic polarization for the AZ91D alloy after immersion for up to 7 days in NaCl solutions with different chloride concentrations.

Results: A corrosion map was elaborated using the information obtained from the electrochemical tests. Immunity, passivation and corrosion zones were identified. The chloride concentration strongly affects the passivation range.

Conclusion: The corrosion region becomes wider as the chloride concentration increases at a given applied potential. The surface oxide film is, therefore, protective in the most diluted solutions (0.01 M and 0.03 M) below -1.20 V and becomes more prone to pitting corrosion for more concentrated solutions. The corrosion map evolved from 1 to 7 days of immersion, suggesting that transition between the different zones can be affected by the exposure conditions.

Keywords: AZ91D, chloride concentration, corrosion map, magnesium alloy, potentiodynamic polarization, potentiostatic polarization.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 6
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2016
Page: [146 - 156]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/2352094906666160531154222
Price: $58

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