In recent years, the genomic sequence of numerous plant species including
the main crop species has been determined. Computational tools have been developed
to deal with the issue of which plant has been sequenced and where is the
sequence hosted. In this mini-review, the databases for genome projects, the databases
created to host species/clade projects and the databases developed to perform
plant comparative genomics are revised. Because of their importance in modern research,
an in-depth analysis of the plant comparative genomics databases has been
performed. This comparative analysis is focused in the common and specific computational
tools developed to achieve the particular objectives of each database. Besides,
emerging high-performance bioinformatics tools specific for plant research
are commented. What kind of computational approaches should be implemented in next years to efficiently
analyze plant genomes is discussed.
Keywords: Comparative genomics, Computational tools, Genome databases, Genome projects, Plants.
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