Preventive and Therapeutic Role of Muscle Contraction Against Chronic Diseases

Author(s): Domenico Di Raimondo, Gaia Musiari, Giuseppe Miceli, Valentina Arnao, Antonio Pinto.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 22 , Issue 30 , 2016

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Abstract:

Background: Due to the continuing increase of the elderly population in the western countries, the prevalence of the main chronic diseases (obesity, type 2 diabetes and related metabolic disorders, arterial hypertension, vascular damage due to atherosclerotic process, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, neurodegenerative diseases, chronic kidney disease, immune-mediated diseases) is increasing. There is incontrovertible evidence that regular physical activity contributes to the primary and secondary prevention of several chronic diseases and is associated with a reduced risk of premature death.

Methods: In this review the most prevalent chronic pathologic conditions are discussed, how regular exercise may provide benefits for prevention and/or treatment of these diseases and are graphically described by means of various figures the main biological mechanisms through which exercise exerts its beneficial effects known to date.

Results: Specific interventions aimed to implement physical activity levels of the general population are of certain efficacy both for primary and secondary prevention of the major chronic diseases and constitutes an excellent cost/effective tool to improve the health status of different categories of patients.

Conclusion: Exercise represents a unique case in which a single intervention is useful against a broad range of diseases and risk factors, this knowledge should lead to an ever-increasing use of this lifestyle change.

Keywords: Regular exercise, chronic diseases, primary prevention, secondary prevention.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 22
ISSUE: 30
Year: 2016
Page: [4686 - 4699]
Pages: 14
DOI: 10.2174/1381612822666160510125011
Price: $58

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