Three-dimensional Ultrasound for the Assessment of the Pelvic Floor
Pp. 345-354 (10)
Maria Aparecida Mazzutti Verlangieri Carmo and Omero Benedicto Poli-Neto
The pelvic floor is a fundamental structure not only for the support of
abdominopelvic structures during elevation of intra-abdominal pressure, but also for
urinary and fecal continence, micturition, evacuation, and childbirth, among others.
Several methods have been described in the literature for the assessment of the pelvic
floor, but most of them only provide indirect, and therefore limited, information. Over
the last few years, strategies for the analsis of pelvic floor morphology have been
proposed, such as ultrasound scanning, computed tomography and magnetic resonance
imaging. This chapter will deal in particular with mechanical three-dimensional
ultrasound, with eventual brief reference to the other modalities or their comparison.
The benefits inherent to the technique and the possibility of dynamic assessment cause
this method to be a promising innovation for pelvic floor assessment.
Pelvic floor, Rendered mode, Three-dimensional, Ultrasound.
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