Fetal Malformations Detected by Threedimensional Ultrasound
Pp. 191-214 (24)
Edward Araujo Junior, Simon Meagher and Luis Flavio Goncalves
Since the introduction of three-dimensional ultrasonography (3DUS) in
clinical practice, much has been published about the capabilities of this technology to
evaluate the fetal anatomy in multiple planes, obtain rendered images of the fetal face,
exquisite images of the fetal skeletal system and, more recently, volumetric images of
the fetal heart, using spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) technology. While 3DUS
helps in the diagnosis of certain anomalies, such as facial clefts, skeletal dysplasias and
spinal abnormalities, besides being an invaluable tool in a telemedicine setting, there are
still limitations, inherent to ultrasonography, such as susceptibility to motion artifacts
and shadowing. In this chapter, we review the diagnostic capabilities of 3DUS for the
diagnosis of a variety of fetal anomalies as well as its limitations.
Fetal malformations, Fetal surface, HD live, Rendering mode,
Spatiotemporal image correlation, Three-dimensional ultrasound.
Department of Obstetrics, Paulista School of Medicine - Federal University of Sao Paulo (EPM-UNIFESP), Rua Napoleao de Barros, 875, Vila Clementino, Sao Paulo-SP, Brazil.