Advanced Topics on Three-dimensional Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Advanced Topics on Three-Dimensional Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology is a comprehensive and handy guide for sonographers, obstetricians, gynecology and radiology professionals, and all ...
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Three-dimensional Assessment of Fetal Face

Pp. 91-101 (11)

Michal Zajicek and Liat Gindes


Three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound provides a major diagnostic tool in the examination of fetal face abnormalities. 3D ultrasound enables spatial orientation, which is crucial for the evaluation of fetuses with facial malformations, especially ones with cleft palate. This chapter summarizes the different modalities currently undertaken to examine fetal face with special emphasis on the palate, ears and eyes, providing practical tools for manipulation of volumes.


Fetal ear, Fetal eye, Fetal face, Fetal palate, Prenatal diagnosis, Threedimensional ultrasound.


Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Ramat Gan, Israel.