Bioactive Compounds from Amazonian Fruits and their Antioxidant Properties
Pp. 244-264 (21)
Renan C. Chiste and Eduarda Fernandes
An adequate intake of fruits has long been correlated to a lower occurrence
of chronic degenerative diseases triggered by oxidative stress. These health benefits are
extensively claimed in the literature to be owing to the scavenging capacity of some
bioactive compounds, such as ascorbic acid, tocopherols, carotenoids and phenolic
compounds, against the oxidizing effect of reactive oxygen and reactive nitrogen
species with physiological relevance. The Amazon is the largest reserve of biodiversity
in the world and is also the largest Brazilian biome, occupying almost half of Brazil
(49%). In this way, Amazon hosts numerous fruit species, which are consumed by the
local population and distributed through the local economy at trade markets, but most
of them are unknown to the wider population. Analysis of bioactive compounds has an
essential role in the study of biodiversity, and in the evaluation of food safety and
nutritional properties. To contribute for a better knowledge of Amazonia biome, this
chapter gathers scientific information concerning the phytochemical composition of
some Amazonian fruits with potential biological properties.
Amazonian biome, Ascorbic acid, Astrocaryum aculeatum, Bactris
gasipaes, Byrsonima crassifolia, Carotenoids, Caryocar villosum, Endopleura
uchi, Eugenia stipitata, Euterpe oleracea, Mauritia flexuosa, Myrciaria dubia,
Oenocarpus bacaba, Oxidative stress, Phenolic compounds, Reactive nitrogen species, Reactive oxygen species, Solanum sessiliflorum, Theobroma grandiflorum.
Faculty of Food Engineering (FEA), Institute of Technology (ITEC), Federal University of Para (UFPA), Belem, Para, Brazil.