The Role of 3D Modelling and Printing in Orthopaedic Tissue Engineering: A Review of the Current Literature

Author(s): Shalin Shaunak, Baljinder S. Dhinsa, Wasim S. Khan.

Journal Name: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Volume 12 , Issue 3 , 2017

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Abstract:

Orthopaedic surgery lends itself well to advances in technology. An area of interest and ongoing research is that of the production of scaffolds for use in trauma and elective surgery. 3D printing provides unprecedented accuracy in terms of micro- and macro-structure and geometry for scaffold production. It can also be utilised to construct scaffolds of a variety of different materials and more recently has allowed for the construction of bio-implants which recapitulate bone and cartilage tissue. This review seeks to look at the various methods of 3DP, the materials used, elements of functionality and design, as well as modifications to increase the biomechanics and bioactivity of 3DP scaffolds.

Keywords: 3D printing, Rapid prototyping, bone scaffold, orthopaedic implant.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2017
Page: [225 - 232]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1574888X11666160429122238
Price: $58

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