Photonic Bandgap Glass-Based Structures
Pp. 107-130 (24)
M. Clara and Amadeu Griol
Photonic crystals (PCs) as it is often called photonic band gap materials
(PBGs), are artificial composite materials, micro/nanostructured on an optical length
scale (e.g. few hundreds of nm). The resulting periodicity in the dielectric constant is
responsible for inhibiting light from propagating through the material as a result of
Bragg diffraction. The forbidden frequency range is called a stop band. In PCs the
electromagnetic waves within the band gap are completely reflected by the crystal,
while spontaneous emission (within the band gap) are totally concealed.
This chapter introduces the physical concepts behind PC structures, along with bottomup
fabrication methods, properties, and applications.
opal, photonic bandgap glasses (PBGs), photonic crystals (PC),
Gonçalves, Departamento de Engenharia Química, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal.