Cell Mediators of Acute Inflammation
Pp. 11-25 (15)
Luisa A. DiPietro and Megan E. Schrementi
The acute inflammatory response that occurs due to tissue injury or infection
involves multiple cell types with both overlapping and specific functions. The resident
mast cell is an important sentinel and able to rapidly release proinflammatory mediators
via degranulation. Phagocytic cells, including neutrophils and macrophages, produce
cytokines that promote inflammation, but are also important for the clearance of
microbes and apoptotic cells. Importantly, macrophages also provide substantial
reparative signals to direct the healing process once the inflammatory insult is cleared.
Other cells that may mediate acute inflammation include epithelial cells and
lymphocytes. This chapter reviews the key functions of these cells in response to an
Cytokines, Inflammation, Innate immunity, Macrophages, Mast cells,
Monocytes, Neutrophils, Phagocytosis.
Center for Wound Healing and Tissue Regeneration, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, 60612, USA.