Classical Neurotransmitters and Neuropeptides Involved in Schizoaffective Disorder

Focus on Prophylactic Medication

Schizoaffective disorder is a psychotic disease with schizophrenic and affective i.e. depressive and/or manic symptoms. The disease can result in different patient outcomes depending upon the ...
[view complete introduction]

US $
15

*(Excluding Mailing and Handling)



Classical Neurotransmitters and Neuropeptides Involved in Schizoaffective Disorder: Focus on Prophylactic Medication

Pp. 3-6 (4)

Felix-Martin Werner and Rafael Coveñas

Abstract

Schizoaffective disorder has a prevalance of 0.5 %. In this disease, psychotic symptoms are combined with affective, i.e. depressive, manic or bipolar symptoms. The disease is encoded in susceptibility genes, which can be enhanced by stresssful life events or psychotomimitic substances. The neurotransmitter and neuropeptide alterations are described in the involved brain regions in schizophrenic and affective symptoms. In these brain regions, neural networks are described including a multi-neurotransmitter system. The coherence between the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the neurotransmitter alterations will be pointed out. The current pharmacotherapy is reviewed, and some new antipsychotic drugs will be examined critically. The importance of additional sociotherapies and psychoeducaction is underlined, because it enables the schizoaffective patients to be reintegrated into social and perhaps professional lifes.

Keywords:

Affective symptom, antipsychotic drug, cognitive symptom, depressive symptom, dopamine, first-episode schizophrenia, gene-environment interaction, hippocampus, manic symptom, mesolimbic system, midbrain, monoamine, negative symptom, neural network, positive symptom, prefrontal cortex, schizoaffective disorder, schizophrenia, serotonin, susceptibility gene.

Affiliation:

Euro Akademie Pößneck Higher Vocational School for Elderly Care and Occupational Therapy Carl-Gustav-Vogel-Str. 13 07381 Pößneck Germany.