Phytotherapy in the Management of Diabetes and Hypertension

Volume: 2

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Phytotherapy has the potential to give patients long term benefits with less or no side effects. This is the second volume of the series. This volume brings 11 chapters that cover updates on general ...
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Monograph on Eugenia jambolana. Lam.

Pp. 213-234 (22)

E. Sanmuga Priya, P. Senthamil Selvan and Syed Arshad Aakhil Anwar

Abstract

Eugenia jambolana. Lam. (EJ) is a plant belonging to Myrtaceace family. Most of the plant parts of Eugenia jambolana are used in traditional system of medicine in India. According to Ayurvedic scriptures, its bark is acrid, sweet, digestive and astringent to the bowels. It is also anthelmintic and is good for sore throat, bronchitis, asthma, thirst, biliousness, dysentery, blood impurities and to cure ulcers. Its antidiabetic activity has been demonstrated both experimentally and clinically. In addition, EJ has been demonstrated to exhibit several pharmacological properties including anti-allergic, anti-oxidant, radioprotective, hepatoprotective, anti-ulcer, antibacterial, anti-diarrhoeal, anti-hyperlipidemic, anti-depressant, nephroprotective and chemopreventive activities. The health benefits of Eugenia jambolana are mainly attributed to the various phytoconstituents, such as tannins, alkaloids, steroids, flavonoids, terpenoids, fatty acids, phenols, minerals, carbohydrates and vitamins present in the fruit. This chapter discusses the pharmacological and phytochemical properties of this plant.

Keywords:

Eugenia jambolana, pharmacology, phytochemistry.

Affiliation:

Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Anna University BIT Campus, Tiruchirappalli – 620 024, Tamil Nadu, India.