Assessment of Possible Drug Interactions in Patients with Psoriasis and Associated Comorbid Medical Conditions: An Observational Study

Author(s): Reena Sherin, Padmaja Udaykumar.

Journal Name: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials

Volume 11 , Issue 2 , 2016

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Abstract:

Background: Associated co-morbidities with psoriasis are treated with concomitant medications apart from the antipsoriatic therapy and the resulting Drug-Drug Interactions (DDI) may affect therapeutic outcome.

Objective: To assess the DDI in psoriatic patients with co-morbidities.

Method: In this prospective observational analysis, 150 prescriptions of psoriatic patients, receiving two or more drugs were analysed using drug interaction checker software. DDI was classified into minor, moderate, major and pharmacokinetic & pharmacodynamic.

Result: Of 150 patients, 77.3% (n=116) had cardiovascular comorbities; diabetes mellitus (49.3%), psoriatic arthritis (20.7%), hyperlipidemia (46%), infections (28.7%), neurologic conditions (24.7%) and dermatologic conditions (37.3%) were other reported comorbidities. Of these, 138 (92%) patients had 612 DDI (4.49 interactions/patient). More number of interactions were seen in 45-60 yrs (n=311, 50.8%). Moderate DDI (79.9%) were higher; 306 (50%) were pharmacokinetic interactions. Frequent interactions were due to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (n=229, 37.4%) and antibiotics (n=176, 28.8%). Monitoring of the signs & symptoms was the advised intervention in 67.2% of patients. Mean DDI per patient was more in those who received >10 drugs (9.67). There was an increased number of DDI with an increase in the number of medications which was statistically significant (p<0.01), with greater number of (n=458, 74.8%) interactions seen in those who received 5-10 drugs.

Conclusion: There was an increased number of DDI in those who received more number of drugs. Careful monitoring with appropriate timely laboratory investigations, and a rational drug prescription for the comorbid conditions can prevent the occurrence of harmful DDIs.

Keywords: Comorbidities, drug interaction checker, drug-drug interactions, monitoring, psoriasis, rational drug prescription.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2016
Page: [128 - 134]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1574887111666160201122532

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