Recent Advances in Algal Genetic Tool Development

Author(s): Lukas R. Dahlin, Michael T. Guarnieri.

Journal Name: Current Biotechnology

Volume 5 , Issue 3 , 2016

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Abstract:

Background: The goal of achieving cost-effective biofuels and bioproducts derived from algal biomass will require improvements along the entire value chain, including identification of robust, highproductivity strains and development of advanced genetic tools. Though there have been modest advances in development of genetic systems for the model alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, progress in development of algal genetic tools, especially as applied to non-model algae, has generally lagged behind that of more commonly utilized laboratory and industrial microbes. This is in part due to the complex organellar structure of algae, including robust cell walls and intricate compartmentalization of target loci, as well as prevalent gene silencing mechanisms, which hinder facile utilization of conventional genetic engineering tools and methodologies.

Conclusion: Recent progress in global tool development has opened the door for implementation of strain-engineering strategies in industrially-relevant algal strains. These developments will facilitate the use of microalgae in a variety of applications relating to biofuels and bioproducts. Here, we review recent advances in algal genetic tool development and applications in eukaryotic microalgae.

Keywords: Algae, genetic engineering, biofuels, bioproducts, synthetic biology, photosynthesis.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 5
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2016
Page: [192 - 197]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/2211550105666160127230814
Price: $58

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