Existing treatments of traumatic brain injury (TBI) have failed to reverse tremendous losses in productivity,
independence and overall quality of life among TBI victims and therefore, cannot be viewed as sufficient.
Although there is no shortage of promising basic concepts that may translate to efficacious therapies after TBI, the
accumulated knowledge has yet to deliver treatments that adequately meet clinical and social demands. In this article,
we discuss novel concepts, recent advances and accompanying challenges in developing cholinergic and related
therapies after TBI.
Keywords: Trauma, brain, injury, cholinergic, nicotinic, acetylcholine, vagus, vagal, stimulation, inflammatory,
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