The Relationship between B-cell Epitope and Mimotope Sequences

Author(s): Chunhua Zhang, Yunyun Li, Weina Tang, Zhiguo Zhou, Pingping Sun, Zhiqiang Ma.

Journal Name: Protein & Peptide Letters

Volume 23 , Issue 2 , 2016

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Abstract:

B-cell epitope is a group of residues which is on the surface of an antigen. It invokes humoral responses. Locating B-cell epitope is important for effective vaccine design, and the development of diagnostic reagents. Mimotope-based B-cell epitope prediction method is a kind of conformational B-cell epitope prediction, and the core idea of the method is mapping the mimotope sequences which are obtained from a random phage display library. However, current mimotope-based B-cell epitope prediction methods cannot maintain a high degree of satisfaction in the circumstances of employing only mimotope sequences. In this study, we did a multi-perspective analysis on parameters for conformational B-cell epitopes and characteristics between epitope and mimotope on a benchmark datasets which contains 67 mimotope sets, corresponding to 40 unique complex structures. In these 67 cases, there are 25 antigen-antibody complexes and 42 protein-protein interactions. We analyzed the two parts separately. The results showed the mimotope sequences do have some epitope features, but there are also some epitope properties that mimotope sequences do not contain. In addition, the numbers of epitope segments with different lengths were obviously different between the antigen-antibody complexes and the protein-protein interactions. This study reflects how similar do mimotope sequence and genuine epitopes have; and evaluates existing mimotope-based B-cell epitope prediction methods from a novel viewpoint.

Keywords: Epitope, mimotope, sequence, statistic.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 23
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2016
Page: [132 - 141]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/0929866523666151230124538

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