Effect of Antitubercular Therapy on Endometrial Function in Infertile Women with Female Genital Tuberculosis

Author(s): Jai Bhagwan Sharma, Jayaramaiah Sneha, Urvashi B. Singh, Sunesh Kumar, Kallol Kumar Roy, Neeta Singh, Sona Dharmendra, Ashok Sharma, Eshani Sharma.

Journal Name: Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets
(Formerly Current Drug Targets - Infectious Disorders)

Volume 16 , Issue 2 , 2016

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Abstract:

Objective: Evaluation of anti-tubercular therapy on endometrium in Female Genital Tuberculosis.

Method: Total of 50 women having FGTB on endometrial aspirate (positive AFB, epithelioid granuloma, positive PCR, laparoscopy or hysteroscopy findings) were enrolled. Ultrasound was performed for endometrial thickness, mean resistive index and pulsatility index before and after anti-tubercular therapy (ATT). Diagnostic hysteroscopy was performed for intra-uterine adhesions and to visualise cavity before and after ATT.

Results: Menstrual cycle improved after anti-tubercular therapy (ATT). Endometrial aspirate findings improved with disappearance of AFB, epithelioid granuloma and decrease in PCR (94%vs 33%). After ATT, ultrasound examination of endometrial thickness improved from 7.01±1.48 mm to 7.51±1.48 mm while mean resistive index and pulsatility index decreased from 0.729±0.304 to 0.692±0.399 and 1.180 to 1.138. With ATT, improvement was seen in hysteroscopic findings with normal looking cavity increasing from 18(36%) to 34(72.1%) and pale looking cavity decreasing from 20(42.5%) to 8(16.8%). Before ATT, prevalence of intrauterine adhesions was 62% which decreased to 28.7% after ATT. Improvement was significant only in grade I adhesions from 34% to 2.1%, (p<0.001). There was no improvement in higher grade of intrauterine adhesions with ATT with grade II (6% vs 4.2%) and grade 2a (4% vs 2.1%), grade III being (2% vs 2.1%), grade II a (4% vs 4.2%), grade Va (4% vs 4.2%) and grade Vb (8% vs 10.6%) before and after ATT respectively.

Conclusion: Early ATT improved menstrual cycle, endometrial thickness and reduced incidence of grade I adhesions. Advanced stages did not show any improvement.

Keywords: Antituberculous therapy, endometrial function, endometrial tuberculosis, female genital tuberculosis.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2016
Page: [101 - 108]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1871526516666151223103534
Price: $58

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